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One Worlds 149

brevolt was smashed. The legacy of hate, however, remained. In bSeptember 1977 the London-based Anti-Slavery Society bcharged that the Iraqis were torturing and dispossessing Kurds. bThe Kurds, for their part, still dream of their state.

bMeanwhile, a similar scenario is being played out in Iran. bWith the fall of the Shah, the Kurds in western Iran near the bIraqi border raised, again, the banner of autonomy. Bloody bat- btles took place in July 1979 near the towns of Serow, Marivan, band Kermanshah, culminating months of struggle. On July 30, bthe Iranian Kurdish spiritual leader, Sheikh Ezzedin Hosseini, bappealed to Tehran to work out a compromise that would grant bthe Kurds self-rule. Fighting continues to this day.

Iran: Persian Muslims versus Arabs versus Afghans

bIn June 1979 the Arabs of Iran tried to seize the chief port bcity of Khorramshahr, demanding autonomy for the Arabs of bIran’s southwest province of Khuzistan. In the first week thirty- bseven people were killed and in the next month hundreds more bwere either arrested or shot as the Arabs sought autonomy from bthe Persian majority. The fact that both groups are Muslim had bnot the slightest effect on the struggle.

bIn the desolate area where Iran, Afghanistan, and Pakistan bconverge live the Baluchis. They call the land Baluchistan, to bthe dismay of the three existing states. They are Sunni Muslim, ball of the same tribal, historical, and cultural background. bArtificial borders mean little to them, and the Iranian Baluchis, bof whom there are more than half a million, have openly sup- bported their Afghan brothers against the Soviets.

bMore important, there is a growing move for a Baluchi state bto be carved out of the three-nation area they inhabit. At the end bof 1979 Baluchis and Iranian Islamic revolutionaries clashed in bthe city of Zahidan. At least eleven died and eighty were bwounded in three days of fighting. The Iranian government, bwhich is Shiite Muslim, looks nervously at the ethnically and bsectarianly different Baluchis. And so does Pakistan.

Pakistan: Pakistanis, Baluchis, Pathans, Bengalis, Biharis, Shiites

bIn 1971 Pakistan suffered a humiliating trauma. In a short bbut decisive war, rebels in the eastern half of the country, aided b 

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Chapter 7: One Worlds