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bSixty died as mobs smashed, burned, looted, and shut down the bstate known as “the rice bowl of India.” Differences, where the btwo competing rivals are large enough, lead to hostility, division, band separation.

Sri Lanka: Buddhist Sinhalese versus Hindu Tamils

bJust twenty-two miles to the southeast of India lies the large bisland of Sri Lanka, formerly Ceylon. In August 1977 two weeks bof mutual slaughter between the ten-million-strong Buddhist- bSinhalese majority and the three million Hindu Tamils killed 54 b(officially) and left 25,000 Tamils homeless. Said a shaken of- bficial: “I have seen the beast in man, I have seen men burned balive and women raped and houses set ablaze.”

bLed by the Tamil United Liberation Front, the Tamils seek a bseparate Tamil Ealam state in northern Sri Lanka, near their bfifty million Tamil brethren in South India. Ironically, the bSinhalese may be unwittingly aiding in just that. Their attacks bon the Tamils sent tens of thousands fleeing in an exodus of fear bto the northern part of the island. What is happening is the de bfacto partition of the island. Militant Tamil separatists killed at bleast a dozen police in 1979.

bBy February 1974 the situation had grown so bad that the bgovernment announced that talk of partition was to be a crimi- bnal offense. No one believed that the government could jail three bmillion people. And the violence continued.

Philippines: Muslims versus Christians

bMore than 2,000 people were killed or wounded in 1978 in bthe war in the southern Philippines between Muslim secessionist brebels and government forces. According to Deputy Defense bMinister Carmelo Barbero, some 60,000 people have been killed bin the first seven years of the uprising. About 100,000 Filipino bMuslims, in addition, fled to the nearby Muslim Malaysian bstate of Sabah to find refuge with their fellow religionists.

bYes, the Muslim presence is felt in Southeast Asia, too, and bthe Manila government has been forced to spend more than half ba million dollars a day on the revolt. The Filipino Muslims in bthe south number about two million, mostly on the island of bMindanao. When the Spanish conquered the islands in the six- bteenth century, those Muslims who resisted and were called b 

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THEY MUST GO Page 157
Chapter 7: One Worlds