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One Worlds 159

bAssociated Press dispatch (June 2, 1978) quoted a Western bdiplomat: “They prefer China, where they are not a hated mi- bnority, rather than Vietnam, where no matter what they do they bwill be looked down on.”

bSince then, hundreds of thousands of Chinese have fled as bVietnamese nationalism easily overcomes any fraternal pro- bletarian Communist feelings. For 2,000 years the two people bhave hated each other. Communism is simply irrelevant in the bface of ethnic differences.

bIn Cambodia, where half a million Chinese lived until the bKhmer Rouge horror, the new government moved against the bChinese. According to the AP (August 18, 1976), there are spe- bcial “cooperatives” that are “reserved for the Chinese where the bdiscipline and security are tighter, the work more grueling, and bthe rice rations often less than given ethnic Cambodians.” At bleast two special villages were established into which Chinese bwere herded. One was called Phum Chen Youm, “the village bwhere the Chinese cry.”

bIn two Muslim-dominated states slaughter of Chinese has btaken place. In the late sixties one of the worst single massacres bin history took place, as millions of Chinese were slaughtered in bIndonesia. The government claimed a Communist plot had been buncovered to take over the government, but the Indonesians bused the opportunity to eliminate the Chinese community of bwhich they were bitterly jealous because of their economic domi- bnation of the country.

bThe other country was Malaysia, where today economic bprosperity papers over a smoldering volcano of racial tension bbetween the Malays and Chinese. The Malays make up about b50 percent of the population but hold less than 10 percent of the bcountry’s capital investment. The Chinese, who constitute 10 bpercent of the country, control some 35 percent of the economy.

bThe country underwent a bloody period of Communist in- bsurgency in the fifties. The revolt was as much Chinese versus bMalay as ideological, since the Communists were almost all bChinese. Finally, crushed by the British, Malaysia was able to bsurvive only because the predominantly Chinese Singapore wise- bly seceded, thus changing the ratio of the country from a totally bimpossible fifty-fifty balance to its present one of near-im- bpossibility.

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Chapter 7: One Worlds