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bIndeed, six years after Malaysia came into being, byoung Malays in May 1969 swarmed into the Chinese district of bthe capital, Kuala Lumpur, and—with knives and spears— bhacked to death every Chinese they could find. Houses were bburned, cars smashed; at least 300 died. Today, as a govern- bment policy of preferential treatment helps the Malays catch up, bthe economic boom distracts most people. But as a foreign bdiplomat told Newsweek magazine (March 12, 1973): “The prob- blems that produced 1969 are still there.” Quite true. For all the bother problems are based on the essential dilemma: two compet- bing national-religious groups in the same land who are different.

Western Europe

bNothing more clearly illustrates the power and reality of bthe differences and the desire of the “different” for their own au- btonomy and sovereignty than the incredible upsurge of separa- btism in advanced, progressive, stable, Western Europe. There— bwhere twenty years ago people spoke of economic and political bunion of a united western half of the continent—today, there is a bveritable rise of tribalism. In Spain, it is Catalonians and Basques; bin France, Corsicans and Bretons; in Belgium, Walloons and bFlemish; in the United Kingdom, Irish, Scots, Welsh; in Yugo- bslavia, Serbs, Croats, Albanians, Macedonians. No amount of binternational pressure can ever overcome the power of difference band the desire for separate power to decide one’s future and bdestiny. Consider:

Spain: Basques, Catalans, Galicans, Andalusians

bThe death of Franco may have also been the prelude to the beventual demise of Spain as we now know it. At least two and bpossibly five areas are focuses of demands for autonomy and bseparatism.

bIn the first six months of 1980 more than sixty people were bkilled in the area of northern Spain in which live the Basques. bThey dream of an independent state to be known as Euzkadi, band the terrorist group ETA (Basque Homeland and Liberty) is ba serious and deadly force in the land. The Central government bin Madrid, in a desperate effort to stop Basque terrorism (as an bexample, on July 24, 1979, Basque bombs went off at Madrid’s bcrowded airport and two main railroad stations, killing 7 and b 

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Chapter 7: One Worlds